The Impact of Corruption on Exchange Rate: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data
Purpose- This study examines the economic cost of exchange rate. Pakistan has been facing serious issue in regard of exchange rate and this fluctuations impact on various economic indicators or variables. The overall exchange rate value is being depreciated since 2008, it started from Rs 60 against one dollar and recently it reached to Rs, 134 that are equal to one dollar.
Design/methodology/approach- Time series panel data from 2002-2016 has been used for analysis, it has two cross-sections Pakistan and India. Data is collected from various sources that include Asian Development Bank, Transparency International US and World Economic Indicators. Exchange rate in Pak rupees and Ind rupees, corruption perception index in percentage and foreign borrowings in both Pak rupees and Ind rupees’ variables are taken for analysis. Data will be analyzed through statistical techniques which comprises panel unit root test and panel regression analysis in E-views version 7.
Findings- Based on predictable results, all studied variables are found to have significant and positive impact on real exchange rate.
Originality/value- In previous studies research scholars investigated overall exchange rate impact on GDP of any economy. This study gives insight into real exchange rate impact on government department corruption of both countries Pakistan and India. This study can be extended to other less developed countries which are also facing problem of exchange rate in their respective countries.
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